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Objective

Food safety is recognized as a universal public health concern. Enormous economic and human resources are invested globally to ensure that there is a safe food supply. However, most of these resources are focused on improving food safety through the reduction of harm from chemical and microbial contaminants present in foods, rather than on the safety of the foods themselves. The ILSI Research Foundation addresses this challenge by providing information resources and capacity building activities for scientists, regulators, and the public, focusing particularly on the safety assessment of foods and feeds derived from GE plants.

Collaborators & Partners

USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, CropLife International, CropLife China, ILSI Focal Point in China, China Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Chinese Society of Agricultural Biotechnology, Chinese National Institute for Nutrition and Health, and Estel Consult Ltd.

Current Activity

The ILSI Research Foundation's concluded projects in the area of food and feed safety assessment include:

GE Food Safety Capacity Building

Understanding the need for technical capacity building for food safety assessment, the ILSI Research Foundation shares its knowledge and scientific expertise by facilitating regional workshops and developing and disseminating reference materials.

Crop Composition Database

The ILSI Research Foundation’s CCDB is a curated, open resource that provides data on the natural variability in the nutritional composition (e.g., nutrients, anti-nutrients, and secondary metabolites) of key crop species.

Past Work

The ILSI Research Foundation's concluded projects in the area of food and feed safety assessment include:

Resources

Newsletters

Find out about the work we are doing by reading our monthly newsletter.

2nd Asia Forum on Genome Editing

Gangneung, Korea

Dr. Morven McLean, Executive Director, chaired the session Advances in Genome Editing and Related Regulation with Recent GMO Safety Issues in the USA, EU, and Germany at the 2nd Asia Forum on Genome Editing

Read more

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Overview

Agenda

Overview

Crop composition is an essential component of the food safety assessment for GE crops that are intended to be used as food. However, it is important to understand the purpose of the data and its context in the safety assessment. Open to attendees of the 15th ISBR Symposium, this workshop provided an opportunity to briefly discuss the rationale for considering crop composition data, how that data is interpreted in the context of the safety assessment, and what the limitations are to compositional studies.

The workshop also introduced participants to a resource for assisting in the interpretation of compositional studies—the ILSI Crop Composition Database. Participants saw a demonstration of the database and its features, highlighting updates and additions to Version 7.0, the latest iteration of the database that was launched in January 2019. Then, participants were provided with a series of exercises designed to help them understand the search reporting function of the ILSI Crop Composition Database, which they were able to walk through using their personal laptop during the workshop.

In order to ensure that organizers could provide assistance to participants while conducting the practical exercises, the workshop was limited to 20 participants and was conducted twice (at 2:00 pm and 4:00 pm). More information about the workshop is available from the International Society for Biosafety Research.

Agenda

Welcome and Introduction

Compositional Assessment as a Component of Food Safety Assessment for GE Plants
Dr. Andrew Roberts, Deputy Executive Director, ILSI Research Foundation Introduction to the ILSI Crop Composition Database
Dr. Bhavneet Bajaj, Scientific Program Manager, ILSI Research Foundation

Practical Exercises

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By Invitation Only. 

The ILSI Research Foundation, in collaboration with ILSI Focal Point in China, conducted the first phase of our Technical Training Program on Safety Assessment of Foods and Feeds Derived from Genetically Engineered (GE) Plants on March 5-7, 2019 in Langfang, China. Aimed at providing Chinese public-sector scientists with in-depth information about the purpose, design, and conduct of studies used to inform safety assessments of foods and feeds derived from GE crops, Phase I of the program established a baseline understanding of the food safety assessment paradigm, toxicity and allergenicity testing, compositional assessment, and animal testing. Planned for June 2019, Phase II of the training will include laboratory tours and demonstrations of how tests are managed and conducted, as well as how data are collected and interpreted.

Participants were asked to complete the eLearning module “Concepts in the Safety Assessment of Novel Food and Feed” in advance of the Phase I workshop.

Agenda

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Day 1

Introduction of Key Concepts and Regulatory Landscape

Welcome and Overview of the Workshop
Dr. Bhavneet Bajaj, ILSI Research Foundation Regulation of Genetically Engineered Foods and Livestock Feeds in China
Mr. Peilei Liu, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs International Guidance for Assessing Foods and Feeds Derived from Genetically Engineered Plants
Dr. Donald MacKenzie, Institute for International Crop Improvement (IICI) Key Concepts in the Risk Assessment of Genetically Engineered Crops
Dr. Monica Garcia-Alonso, Estel Consult, Ltd.

Question & Answer Session

Applying Problem Formulation to the Safety Assessment of Genetically Engineered Foods and Feeds
Dr. Monica Garcia-Alonso, Estel Consult, Ltd.

Breakout Exercise 1

Accessing Information: Useful Resources for Genetically Engineered Food/Feed Safety Assessment
Dr. Bhavneet Bajaj, ILSI Research Foundation

Breakout Exercise 2

Day 2

Delving into Food and Feed Safety Assessments (I)

Recap and Questions from Day 1

Key Concepts in Genetically Engineered Food/Feed Assessment: Compositional Analyses
Dr. Monica Garcia-Alonso, Estel Consult, Ltd. Accessing Crop Compositional Data to Inform Genetically Engineered Food/Feed Safety Assessment
Dr. Bhavneet Bajaj, ILSI Research Foundation

Breakout Exercise 3

Characterization of the Genetic Modification and the Novel Protein(s)
Dr. Donald MacKenzie, Institute for International Crop Improvement (IICI)

Breakout Exercise 4

Assessing Potential Toxicity of Proteins Expressed in Genetically Engineered Crops
Dr. Jason Roper, Corteva Agrisciences

Breakout Exercise 5

Day 3

Delving into Food and Feed Safety Assessments (II)

Recap and Questions from Day 2
Dr. Monica Garcia-Alonso, Estel Consult, Ltd. Understanding Animal Feeding Studies in the Context of Genetically Engineered Food/Feed Safety Assessments
Dr. Jason Roper, Corteva Agrisciences

Plenary Group Discussion

Assessing Potential Allergenicity
Dr. Donald MacKenzie, Institute for International Crop Improvement (IICI)

Breakout Exercise 6

Risk Communication
Dr. Donald MacKenzie, Institute for International Crop Improvement (IICI) Feedback, Discussion, and Review
Dr. Monica Garcia-Alonso, Estel Consult, Ltd. Preparing for the Phase II Workshop
Dr. Monica Garcia-Alonso, Estel Consult, Ltd.

Presentation of Completion Certificates & Workshop Closure

Phase II

Phase II of the workshop took place June 17-21, 2019 in Washington, DC and Ashland, OH. It focused on laboratory tours and demonstrations of how tests are managed and conducted, as well as how data are collected and interpreted. Phase II also included a review of the concepts from Phase I, with an additional focus on critical reading and review of study reports. Participants were asked to complete the eLearning module “Application of Problem Formulation for Food and Feed Safety Assessment” in advance of the Phase II workshop.

Speakers

Dr. Mònica García-Alonso, Estel Consult, Ltd.

Dr. Mònica García-Alonso is an independent consultant and director at Estel Consult, Ltd. She has been working in the area of risk assessment of genetically modified crops and regulatory affairs for more than 20 years. She holds a bachelor’s degree in biology, with a specialty in zoology and entomology, and a master’s degree in insect physiology and ecology from the University of Barcelona, as well as a doctorate in neurobiology from the University of Reading. She worked for Syngenta for 19 years and set up her own consultancy eight years ago. She now supports private and public research activities aimed at developing GM crop solutions and provides training on risk assessment to regulators and developers around the world.

Dr. Donald MacKenzie, Institute for International Crop Improvement (IICI)

Dr. Donald MacKenzie is the Executive Director of the Institute for International Crop Improvement (IICI). He manages the IICI’s programs and partnerships dedicated to translating key discoveries in plant health, disease and pest management, genomics, advanced breeding, and nutrition to staple crops that impact food security around the globe. Don also provides guidance on navigating through the practical, safety, and regulatory processes necessary to demonstrate that new crop varieties are proven safe and effective for the farmers who will benefit from them.

Don is an international expert in regulatory systems for agriculture, including environmental risk assessment, biosafety, and food safety assessments. His extensive experience in plant product development and global regulatory processes aligns with the Institute’s commitment to collaborate with international and local partner organizations to deliver crops with improved nutritional content and disease resistance to places where people are in most need. In addition to feeding the hungry, these efforts have the potential to contribute to environmental health and empower farmers to become more self-sufficient.

Dr. Jason Roper, Corteva Agrisciences

Dr. Jason Roper earned his B.S. in Biomedical Science with a minor in Chemistry from Western Michigan University in 1997. He then completed his M.S. and Ph.D. in Molecular Toxicology and Environmental Medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry in 2004 and 2005, respectively. Following his post-graduate studies, Jason worked for six years as Senior Toxicologist and Study Director at a contract research organization specializing in GLP mammalian toxicology studies. He joined DuPont Pioneer in 2011 as Research Scientist and Toxicologist, managing a team of scientists responsible for the planning and execution of mammalian, livestock, and avian toxicology studies to support product safety evaluations for global regulatory submissions of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), including insect-resistant and herbicide-tolerant maize, soybean, rice, and canola products.

Jason joined the DuPont Central Research and Development (CR&D) group at Haskell Global Centers for Health and Environmental Sciences in 2013 as Principal Investigator and Senior Research Toxicologist, providing consulting services for the several DuPont businesses in the agricultural, biotechnology, and food industries. Following the merger of DOW with DuPont in 2017, Jason led the general, neuro- and inhalation toxicology competencies at Haskell Global Centers until transitioning to the Corteva Agrisciences (a division of DowDuPont) seeds business in 2019, as a subject-matter expert for regulatory toxicology and product safety. Jason has served as Chair of the CropLife International Toxicology Expert Team (2016-2018) and the DuPont Agricultural Animal Resource Committee (2016-present), Vice-Chair of the Haskell Animal Welfare Committee (2013-2017), and is a member of the HESI Protein Allergen, Toxin, and Bioinformatics (PATB) group and the Haskell Contract Laboratory Evaluation and Approval Team (2015-present).

Dr. Bhavneet Bajaj, ILSI Research Foundation

Dr. Bhavneet Bajaj joined the ILSI Research Foundation as Scientific Program Manager in July 2018. She has worked in academia, the biotechnology industry, and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and has a combined research and teaching experience of 12 years.

Dr. Bajaj has worked on plant secondary metabolites of nutritional, agricultural, and medicinal importance. Prior to joining the ILSI Research Foundation, Dr. Bajaj held the position of Visiting Scientist at the Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, where she worked on carotenoid pathway regulation in high polyamine containing tomatoes. Before then, she was an Associate Investigator with the Plant Protection Group at DuPont, where she worked on metabolic engineering as a strategy for insect control in soybean. During her postdoctoral training, she worked on targeted metabolite profiling of triterpene glycosides and phenolic acids in cell suspensions of black cohosh and developed an in vitro protocol for accelerating its seed germination. Dr. Bajaj has also worked as an Assistant Professor at Jaipur National University, India, where she taught genetic engineering, enzymology, and biochemistry courses to masters level students.

Dr. Bajaj received her M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Biotechnology from Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, India. Her graduate level research comprised of genetic diversity studies on bacterial blight pathogen of clusterbean using molecular markers.

Group Photo of Phase I & II Participants and Key Faculty (Langfang, China,  March 5, 2019) Group Photo of Phase I & II Participants and Key Faculty (Langfang, China, March 5, 2019) [post_title] => Safety Assessment of Foods and Feeds Derived from Genetically Engineered Plants: Phase I Technical Workshop [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => china-phase1 [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2019-06-25 17:11:05 [post_modified_gmt] => 2019-06-25 17:11:05 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://ilsirf.org/?post_type=event&p=9982 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => event [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [2] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 8651 [post_author] => 65 [post_date] => 2018-10-25 19:34:42 [post_date_gmt] => 2018-10-25 19:34:42 [post_content] =>

Dr. Morven McLean, Executive Director, chaired the session Advances in Genome Editing and Related Regulation with Recent GMO Safety Issues in the USA, EU, and Germany at the 2nd Asia Forum on Genome Editing held November 1-2 in Gangneung, South Korea. Launched in 2017, the Asia Forum is a unique platform for sharing ideas related to the management of potential risks resulting from genome editing technologies with a focus on Asian countries.

Agenda

November 1, 2018

November 2, 2018

November 1, 2018

Registration and Opening Ceremony

Session 1: Advances in Genome Editing and Related Regulation with Recent GMO Safety Issues in the USA, EU, and Germany

Chair: Morven McLean, ILSI Research Foundation

Speaker - USA:
Ibrahim M. Shaqir, USDA APHIS Biotechnology Regulatory Services

Speaker - EU & Germany:
Jens Kahrmann, Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety, Department of Genetic Engineering

Session 2: Advances in Genome Editing and Related Regulation with Recent GMO Safety Issues in Malaysia and India

Chair: Huy Ham Le, Institute of Agricultural Genetics

Speakers - Malaysia:
Raimi Rosmin, Department of Biosafety, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
Mohd Faiz Foong Abdullah, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Mara

Speakers - India:
Ponnuswami Balasubramanian, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
Vibha Ahuja, Biotech Consortium India Limited

Session 3: Advances in Genome Editing and Related Regulation with Recent GMO Safety Issues in Cambodia, the Philippines, and Vietnam

Chair: Letchumanan Ramatha

Speaker - Cambodia:
Pisey Oum, Ministry of Environment

Speaker - The Philippines:
Julieta Estacio, National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines

Speaker - Vietnam:
Huy Ham Le, Institute of Agricultural Genetics

Comprehensive Discussion
Chairs: Homin Jang & Heidi Michell

Welcome Reception

November 2, 2018

Session 4: Advances in Genome Editing and Related Regulation with Recent GMO Safety Issues in Japan and Australia

Chair: Jens Kahrmann, Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety, Department of Genetic Engineering

Speaker - Japan:
Masashi Tachikawa, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University

Speaker - Australia:
Heidi Mitchell, Plant Evaluation Section, Office of the Gene Technology Regulator, Australian Government Department of Health

Session 5: Advances in Genome Editing and Related Regulation with Recent GMO Safety Issues in Korea

Chair: Ibrahim M. Shaqir, USDA APHIS Biotechnology Regulatory Services

Speaker - Korea:
Okjae Koo, ToolGen
Ancheol Jang, Biosafety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science/Rural Development Administration

Comprehensive Discussion
Chairs: Homin Jang & Vibha Ahuja

Closing Remarks

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Dr. Andrew Roberts co-chaired the scientific session: Advances in Molecular Biology as Relevant to Food Technology alongside Dr. Michael Knowles at the 19th World Congress of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST2018).

IUFoST2018 brought together researchers, academics, professionals, policymakers, food scientists, and private sector representatives to exchange ideas, share innovations, showcase new research, and discuss policy issues. Global developments in all the facets of food science and technology were showcased through over 60 parallel scientific sessions, with more than 250 speakers participating. ILSI, ILSI India, ILSI Europe, and ILSI North America also participated in the event.

Scientific Session: Advances in Molecular Biology as Relevant to Food Technology

Overview Abstracts & Presentations Speakers Photos Overview

Abstracts & Presentations

History and Context for Food Safety Assessment of Foods Derived from Genetically Engineered Plants (Download Presentation)
Dr. Andrew F. Roberts, ILSI Research Foundation

When genetically engineered plants were being developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s, food safety regulators were faced with a unique challenge.  Prior to this point risk assessments for foods focused on the presence of chemical and microbial contaminants while the foods themselves were considered to be safe.  But in response to public policy initiatives to require pre-market safety assessment for novel foods, assessors had to develop a paradigm for assessing the safety of whole foods for the first time.  This presentation will walk through some of the landmark early documents that developed the paradigm which has since been incorporated into the Codex Alimentarius Guideline for the Conduct of Food Safety Assessment of Foods Derived from Recombinant-DNA Plants (CAC/GL45-2003).

Food Safety Assessment for Genetically Engineered Plants in South Asia
Dr. Vibha Ahuja, Biotech Consortium India Ltd.

Foods derived from genetically engineered (GE) plants are widely consumed across many countries. In 2017, GE plants were grown by 24 countries in approximately 190 million hectares and imported by additional 43 countries for food and feed use. Countries in South Asian region are in varying stages of development and use of  GE plants. National biosafety frameworks and guidelines for food safety assessment are in place in these countries to regulate activities involving GE plants and derived food/feed products. Authorizations for the use of GE plants/foods are currently made at the national level. Regional harmonization for safety assessment guidance will ensure that foods derived from GE plants in any South Asian  country will meet the standard for safety, preventing disruptions to trade, ensuring the safety of foods for travelers between countries, and building a foundation for regional recognition of food safety authorizations, in future

Methods for the Detection, Identification, and Quantification of GM-Material in Food (Download Presentation)
Dr. Lalitha R. Gowda, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute (retired)

Consequent to global commercialization of genetically modified (GM) crops, these crops and their products have been regulated by many countries requiring market traceability and labeling above an established threshold. The success of any regulatory and labeling scheme depends upon the efficiency with which a genetically modified material can be reliably detected and quantified. Detection of GMOs is focused on either identifying the altered gene(s) or their proteins product(s). The methods rely either on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify the transgene sequence(s), or on immunological methods (primarily ELISA, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) to bind to the transgene gene product(s). Both methods have their place and are both qualitative and quantitative. These molecular techniques form the foundation for GMO analyses. Owing to the increase in number and divergence of GMOs developed and commercialized, most GM detection laboratories now predominantly apply initial PCR based screenings followed by (when appropriate) more specific PCR based identification and quantification. Before PCR techniques can be used by official authorities in routine analysis, they must be validated. The potential and practicality of PCR for GM material detection are discussed in the light of actual legislation and of the constraints imposed by food production and processing.

*The authors of these abstracts declare no conflict of interest, in terms of scientific, financial, and personal.

Speakers

Dr. Michael Knowles
Governing Council Member, IUFoST

Dr. Michael Knowles is a pharmacist and medicinal chemist who spent the first half of his career with the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food where he became Chief Scientist (Fisheries & Food) and Under-Secretary, Head of the Food Science Group. The latter half of his career he spent with The Coca-Cola Company, eventually becoming Vice-President of Global Scientific and Regulatory Affairs, from which he retired in 2013. He is a Fellow of several scientific societies, former Global President of the International Life Sciences Institute, a Liveryman of the Society of Apothecaries, London, and a Freeman of the City of London. His scientific publications are mainly in the area of food safety, and he is joint-founding editor of the Journal of Food Additives and Contaminants. He has been a member and/or chaired scientific and regulatory committees in EU food and drink trade associations, and he is the past-Chairman of the Board of the European Technology Platform, “Food for Life,” and a member of IUFoST’s Governing Council.


Dr. Andrew Roberts
Deputy Executive Director, ILSI Research Foundation

Dr. Andrew Roberts is the Deputy Executive Director of the ILSI Research Foundation, where he is responsible for programs addressing environmental risk assessment and food safety assessment for biotechnology. Prior to joining the Research Foundation, Dr. Roberts worked at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in several different capacities, all related to the regulation of agricultural biotechnology.


Dr. Vibha Ahuja
Chief General Manager, Biotech Consortium India Ltd.

Dr. Vibha Ahuja holds a Ph.D. in Microbiology and is an expert on biosafety and regulatory aspects, particularly with reference to genetically modified organisms, having more than 25 years of experience. She is experienced in issues related to the Indian biosafety regulatory framework and has been part of formulation and dissemination of guidelines. She has been actively involved in capacity building initiatives in the country and throughout South Asia.


Dr. Lalitha R. Gowda
Former Chief Scientist, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute

Dr. Lalitha R. Gowda obtained her Ph. D in Biochemistry from Baylor University, Texas, USA and had post-doctoral training at the Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, UK. Her research and teaching career spans over 35 years in the areas of structural biology of plant proteins, food science, detail-focused analytical food safety, and a solid understanding of food safety regulations. She is a member of the Scientific Committee of FSSA(I), and Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) under the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change.

Photos

[post_title] => 19th World Congress of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST2018) [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => iufost2018 [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2019-02-07 16:23:41 [post_modified_gmt] => 2019-02-07 16:23:41 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://ilsirf.org/?post_type=event&p=8440 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => event [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [4] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 4566 [post_author] => 11 [post_date] => 2017-11-21 19:47:35 [post_date_gmt] => 2017-11-21 19:47:35 [post_content] => Overview Agenda & Presentations Videos Photos Social Media Location Overview

ILSI Research Foundation and Food and Agriculture Global Practice, World Bank was very pleased to co-organize the scientific symposium: Protected Production of Fruits and Vegetables for Nutrition Security in Urban and Peri-Urban Environments. Fruits and vegetables play an essential role in nutritious diets and are key to addressing health and nutritional challenges. Increasing productivity to meet growing demand is challenged by the impacts of climate change and competition for essential natural resources. Ensuring the sustainability of the fruit and vegetable supply cannot be achieved without implementation of climate smart adaptation and mitigation interventions.

Ranging from inexpensive, simple polytunnels to high-cost, high-technology production platforms, protected systems for fruit and vegetable production offer viable alternatives to rainfed, open-field cultivation of these high value, nutritious crops. Protected cultivation, particularly in low and middle income countries, has been proposed as a way to adapt production to climate volatility while also increasing supply. However, protected cultivation techniques are not suitable to all climatic conditions, or all fruit and vegetable crops. Startup costs can be prohibitive, particularly for small-holders, and profitability requires higher quality and yields, access to markets, and/or higher selling prices.

This scientific symposium explored how protected cultivation of fruits and vegetables can be used to provide a reliable, affordable, and sustainably produced supply of nutrient dense foods, with an emphasis on production opportunities in urban and peri-urban settings.

Agenda & Presentations
Time Topic Presenter
1:00 pm Welcome and Introductions (PDF | Video 1 | Video 2) Juergen Voegele, Ph.D.
Senior Director, Agriculture Global Practice, The World Bank Group Morven McLean, Ph.D.
Executive Director, ILSI Research Foundation
1:15 pm Protected Cultivation of Fruits and Vegetables: Opportunities and Challenges (PDF | Video) Elizabeth Mitcham, Ph.D.
Director, Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Horticulture, University of California, Davis
1:30 pm Projected Impacts of Climate Change on Fruit and Vegetable Production Globally Through to 2050 (PDF | Video) Mark W. Rosegrant, Ph.D.
Research Fellow Emeritus, Director General's Office,
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
1:55 pm Life Cycle Assessment of Fruit and Vegetable Production, Including Protected Systems (PDF | Video) Greg Thoma, Ph.D.
Professor, Bates Teaching Endowed Professorship in Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas
2:20 pm Break
2:45 pm Controlled Environment Agriculture: The Technological Suite of Opportunities and Constraints (PDF  | Video) Richard Rosen, Ph.D.
Chief Executive Officer, American Ag Energy
3:10 pm Integrated Production Systems for Nutritional Security and More Jobs Per Drop for Smallholder Farmers Under Climate Change in the MENA Region (PDF | Video) Jacques Wery, Ph.D.
Deputy Director General for Research, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
3:35 pm The Importance of Climate-Smart Horticulture in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas of the Global South: Policy Challenges and Interventions (PDF  | Video) Gordon Prain, Ph.D.
Global Coordinator (retired), Urban Harvest, CGIAR Global Program on Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture
4:00 pm Panel Discussion (Video) Erick Fernandes, Ph.D.
Global Lead - Technology, Innovation, and Climate Smart Agriculture, Agriculture Global Practice, The World Bank Group
4:50 pm Summary Remarks (Video) Eija Pehu, Ph.D.
Board of Trustees, ILSI Research Foundation
Videos

The livestream took place at 1:00 pm on Wednesday, July 18, 2018 and was concurrently broadcast on the World Bank's YouTube Channel. The entire event may be viewed below:


WelcomeJuergen Voegele, Ph.D. - Senior Director, Agriculture Global Practice, The World Bank Group


IntroductionsMorven McLean, Ph.D. - Executive Director, ILSI Research Foundation


Protected Cultivation of Fruits and Vegetables: Opportunities and ChallengesElizabeth Mitcham, Ph.D. - Director, Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Horticulture, University of California, Davis


Projected Impacts of Climate Change on Fruit and Vegetable Production Globally Through to 2050Mark W. Rosegrant, Ph.D. - Research Fellow Emeritus, Director General's Office, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)


Life Cycle Assessment of Fruit and Vegetable Production, Including Protected Systems - Greg Thoma, Ph.D. - Professor, Bates Teaching Endowed Professorship in Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas


Controlled Environment Agriculture: The Technological Suite of Opportunities and ConstraintsRichard Rosen, Ph.D. - Chief Executive Officer, American Ag Energy


Integrated Production Systems for Nutritional Security and More Jobs Per Drop for Smallholder Farmers Under Climate Change in the MENA RegionJacques Wery, Ph.D. - Deputy Director General for Research, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)


The Importance of Climate-Smart Horticulture in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas of the Global South: Policy Challenges and InterventionsGordon Prain, Ph.D. - Global Coordinator (retired), Urban Harvest, CGIAR Global Program on Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture


Panel DiscussionErick Fernandes, Ph.D. (Moderator) - Global Lead: Technology, Innovation, and Climate Smart Agriculture, Agriculture Global Practice, The World Bank Group


Summary RemarksEija Pehu, Ph.D. - Board of Trustees, ILSI Research Foundation

Photos

Social Media

Revisit the Conversation!

Protected Production of Fruits and Vegetables for Nutrition Security in Urban and Peri-Urban Environments, co-organized by the ILSI Research Foundation and the World Bank’s Food and Agriculture Global Practice, used Twitter to reach a global audience. This symposium explored how protected cultivation of fruits and vegetables can be used to provide a reliable, affordable, and sustainably produced supply of these nutrient dense foods, with an emphasis on production opportunities in urban and peri-urban settings.

The ILSI Research Foundation Twitter handle is @ILSIRF. The Food and Agriculture Global Practice, World Bank handle is @WBG_Agriculture.

#ProtectedAg2018 was the preferred hashtag for the symposium.

Download the Agenda and Social Media Toolkit here.

Example Tweets

  • At the @WorldBank for the Scientific Symposium: Protected Production of Fruits & Vegetables for Nutrition Security! Enjoying talks by speakers from @ILSIRF @HortInnovLab @WBG_Agriculture @IFPRI @ICARDA @UArkansas. Live webcast: https://ilsirf.org/event/symposium2018/ #ProtectedAg2018
  • Learning more about #ProtectedAgriculture at the @ILSIRF and @WBG_Agriculture Scientifi c Symposium: Protected Production of Fruits & Vegetables for Nutrition Security! Join the conversation with #ProtectedAg2018 and watch the live webcast at https://ilsirf.org/event/symposium2018/

Tweet #ProtectedAg2018

2018 Scientific Symposium

Location

The symposium took place at the World Bank main building, which is located at 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC.

Download the Agenda and Speaker Biographies

Watch Event Recordings on YouTube

Speakers

At A Glance Erick Fernandes, Ph.D. Morven McLean, Ph.D. Elizabeth Mitcham, Ph.D. Eija Pehu, Ph.D. Mark W. Rosegrant, Ph.D. Richard Rosen, Ph.D. Gordon Prain, Ph.D. Geeta Sethi, Ph.D. Greg Thoma, Ph.D. Juergen Voegele, Ph.D. Jacques Wery, Ph.D. At A Glance
Erick Fernandes, Ph.D.
Agriculture Global Practice,
The World Bank Group
Morven McLean, Ph.D.
ILSI Research Foundation
Elizabeth Mitcham, Ph.D.
Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Horticulture, UC, Davis
Eija Pehu, Ph.D.
ILSI Research Foundation
Gordon Prain, Ph.D.
Urban Harvest (retired)
CGIAR Global Program on Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture
Mark W. Rosegrant, Ph.D.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Richard Rosen, Ph.D.
American Ag Energy
Geeta Sethi, Ph.D.
Agriculture Global Practice,
The World Bank Group
Greg Thoma, Ph.D.
University of Arkansas
Juergen Voegele, Ph.D.
Agriculture Global Practice,
The World Bank Group
Jacques Wery, Ph.D.
International Center for Agricultural Research
in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Erick Fernandes, Ph.D.

As Global Lead - Technology, Innovation and Climate Smart Agriculture at the World Bank Group, Dr. Erick Fernandes is focused on designing and managing climate resilient landscapes across the World Bank's agriculture investments portfolio with cross cutting linkages to the environment, urban-rural-social, and water investments. His professional career has been dedicated to facilitating global food security, sustainable livelihoods for farmers, and the conservation of natural resources and ecosystems services to ensure the equitable and sustainable development of societies globally. Dr. Fernandes has 35 years of agriculture and natural resource management experience in Sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia. He holds a Higher National Certificate (HNC) in Quantitative Biology & Analytical Biochemistry from Hertfordshire University (England), a BSc in Forestry from the University of Aberdeen (Scotland), and a PhD in Soil Science & Agronomy from North Carolina State University (USA).

Morven McLean, Ph.D.

Dr. Morven A. McLean is the Executive Director of the non-profit International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Research Foundation, where she works with a dedicated team on multi-sectoral, interdisciplinary scientific and capacity building programs that span agriculture, nutrition and the environment.

Dr. McLean first joined the ILSI Research Foundation in in 2009 as Director of the Center for Environmental Risk Assessment, and in 2013 was additionally appointed lead for sustainable agriculture and nutrition security across the ILSI organization internationally. She has held the position of Chief of Canada’s Plant Biotechnology Office, the federal regulatory authority for the assessment and release of genetically modified plants, and was President of AGBIOS, a consultancy that works internationally with governments, non-governmental organizations, and the public and private sectors on issues of policy and regulation pertaining to genetically modified foods, crops, and forest tree species. Dr. McLean has served as a technical expert on biotechnology risk assessment, regulation and policy for many organizations, including the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Bank, the United States Agency for International Development, the United National Environmental Program and the Secretariat to the Convention on Biological Diversity, as well as many national governments.

Dr. McLean received her B.Sc. (Agriculture) from McGill University, M.Sc. in environmental biology from the University of Guelph, and Ph.D. in molecular plant virology from the University of British Columbia. She completed her post-doctoral training with Agriculture and Agri-food Canada’s Vancouver Research Station.

Elizabeth Mitcham, Ph.D.

Dr. Elizabeth Mitcham is director of the Horticulture Innovation Lab, a $37 million program funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development and managed by the University of California, Davis.  As program director, she develops and manages a portfolio of 24 agriculture development projects in Africa, Southeast Asia and Central America, with research topics spanning the horticultural value chain. The Horticulture Innovation Lab’s global research network advances fruit and vegetable innovations, empowering smallholder farmers to earn more income while better nourishing their communities.

As a scientist, Dr. Mitcham is an internationally renowned expert in postharvest physiology, with an emphasis on reducing food loss and maintaining produce freshness after harvest. She previously served as director of the University of California's Postharvest Technology Center, where she remains an active researcher.  Through her career, Mitcham has shared her expertise with professionals and farmers from more than 50 countries. Mitcham currently serves as the Vice President-Elect for the International Division of the American Society for Horticultural Sciences (ASHS) and was previously honored as the ASHS Outstanding International Horticulturist. Mitcham joined the UC Davis faculty in 1992 as a UC Cooperative Extension specialist, and holds degrees in horticulture from the University of Maryland (Ph.D. and B.S.) and North Carolina State University (M.S.).

Eija Pehu, Ph.D.

Dr. Eija Pehu joined the Agriculture Global Practice of the World Bank in 2000 as an Advisor on Science, Technology, and Innovation. She led the department’s program on agricultural research and innovation and was the anchor of the Gender in Agriculture Program of the World Bank until her retirement in April 2016. Dr. Pehu continues to consult in agricultural innovation.

Prior to joining the World Bank, Dr. Pehu was a Professor of Agronomy and the Head of the Department of Plant Production at the University of Helsinki and the founder and science director of two start-up companies in the Helsinki Science Park.  She earned her Ph.D. in Horticulture from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and her M.Sc. degree from the Department of Crop Production, University of Helsinki with her field work conducted in Tanzania and India.

Dr. Pehu has published extensively in biotechnology of crops, and also in tropical agriculture and international development. Her major interests in development are institutional designs of national innovation systems.  In all her development work, she brings in gender issues. Dr. Pehu was honored with a Distinguished Women Leader Award from Virginia Polytechnic Institute for her outstanding achievements in intellectual leadership and mentoring of young professionals.

Mark W. Rosegrant, Ph.D.

Dr. Mark W. Rosegrant is a Research Fellow Emeritus in the Director General's Office (DGO) of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Prior to joining DGO, he was director of IFPRI's Environment and Production Technology Division. With a Ph.D. in Public Policy from the University of Michigan, he has extensive experience in research and policy analysis in agriculture and economic development, with an emphasis on water resources and other natural resource and agricultural policy issues as they impact food security, rural livelihoods, and environmental sustainability. He currently directs research on climate change, water resources, sustainable land management, genetic resources and biotechnology, and agriculture and energy.

He is the author or editor of 12 books and over 100 refereed papers in agricultural economics, water resources, and food policy analysis. Dr. Rosegrant has won numerous awards, such as Outstanding Journal Article (2008), Quality of Communications Award (2004), and Distinguished Policy Contribution Award(2002) awarded by the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (formerly American Agricultural Economics Association); and Best Article Award (2005) from the International Water Resources Association. Dr. Rosegrant is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; and a Fellow of the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

Richard Rosen, Ph.D.

Dr. Richard Rosen spent his early years in the greenhouse and florist business, first as laborer and ultimately as grower and buyer at Harry Quint Greenhouses. Later, he began his professional career at Abt Associates advising federal government agencies, and while at Abt he was instrumental in formulating the Clean Water Act. He founded a series of energy and environmental operating businesses, serving in a variety of roles including CEO, Chief Engineer, Chief Scientific Officer, President, Consultant, Chairman and Director. ERCO Petroleum Services designed and constructed fluidized beds for clients such as Clorox, Tennessee Valley Authority, Tenneco, Combustion Engineering, and others. ERCO was sold to NL Industries and its laboratory affiliate was sold to Corning. Advanced Energy Technology commercialized equipment developed at the University of Texas to measure physical properties of the earth’s subsurface including resistivity for use in oil, gas and geothermal exploration. AET was ultimately merged into its Japanese venture partner, Nishon Iwa. Dr. Rosen has extensive experience building operating facilities including one to remodel landfills using a patented technology and a manufacturing system to recycle rubber for use in a variety of industrial applications.

Dr. Rosen earned a Master’s Degree in Forest Science and a Ph.D. in Engineering from Harvard University.

Gordon Prain, Ph.D.

Dr. Gordon Prain is a consultant who advises CGIAR Centers on issues related to rural and urban food systems and food security, gender and the institutional and social dimensions of agricultural change. Most recently he was Leader of Social, Nutrition and Innovation Sciences at the International Potato Center with a research focus on the contribution of root and tuber crops to food resilience in different types of agri-food systems, including as climate-smart horticultural crops in cereal-based systems in South Asia and contributing to diversification and greater resilience of agri-food systems in hillside and highland communities.

He earlier spent 10 years as the Global Coordinator for the CGIAR Program on urban and peri-urban agriculture known as Urban Harvest, which undertook collaborative R&D in and around cities of the Global South to strengthen vegetable and livestock systems and address environmental and policy challenges. As part of this work, he participated in the Global Horticulture Initiative and was an active contributor to the Global Horticulture Assessment. In all, he has more than 30 years of experience working in participatory, interdisciplinary teams across multiple sectors to support improved livelihoods for rural and urban households. He holds a Ph.D. in social anthropology from the University of Cambridge, UK.

Geeta Sethi, Ph.D.

Dr. Geeta Sethi is Adviser and Global Lead – Food Loss and Waste for Agriculture Global Practice at the World Bank. She has more than 16 years of experience working as an economist on fragile, low-, and middle-income countries. Her work has focused on issues of rural development, service delivery and intergovernmental fiscal policies in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Argentina, Peru, Colombia, and Honduras.

Dr. Sethi has delivered many lending programs to the World Bank Board as well as published books and articles in referenced journals on issues relating to rural labor markets, trade policy and fiscal decentralization. Previously, she worked as the Program Manager for GAFSP and was Lead Economist with the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management unit in the Latin American and Caribbean Vice Presidency of the World Bank. She has an MBA and Ph.D. in Economics.

Greg Thoma, Ph.D.

Dr. Greg Thoma is the Director of Research for the University of Arkansas Resiliency Center and Bates Teaching Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Arkansas. He served as inaugural Director for Research of The Sustainability Consortium. He has led numerous food and agriculture life cycle assessment projects: milk, cheese, milk delivery systems, yogurt, swine, poultry, corn, and beef. He serves on the steering committee for the Swiss National Research Program, “Healthy Nutrition and Sustainable Food Production.”

He is the North American subject editor for Agriculture for the International Journal of Lifecycle Assessment, and has served on the scientific/technical/organizational committee for numerous international LCA conferences. He has been active with the Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership since its inception acting as the Technical Advisory Group Lead/Co-lead for development of the poultry, swine, and large ruminants’ guidelines. He is currently serving on the nutrient cycling and biodiversity technical advisory groups.

Juergen Voegele, Ph.D.

Dr. Juergen Voegele was appointed Senior Director of the World Bank's Food and Agriculture Global Practice on July 1, 2014.  In this role, he provides leadership on the Bank’s lending and knowledge activities spanning issues such as climate-smart agriculture, agriculture policy reform, food and nutrition security, and agriculture value chain development.

Dr. Voegele is chair of the CGIAR System Council Board, which oversees agricultural research programs tackling poverty, food and nutrition security, and improved natural resource management around the world. Since 2016, Dr. Voegele has served as co-chair of the Global Future Council of the World Economic Forum. He is also a member of the EAT Foundation Advisory Board since May 2017.

Since joining the World Bank in 1991, Dr. Voegele has held a number of assignments, chairing the Agriculture and Rural Development Sector Board as well as the Environment Sector Board, leading the Agriculture Unit in China, the Agriculture and Rural Development Unit of the Europe and Central Asia Region, and the Agriculture and Rural Development Department of the World Bank (later recast as the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department).

Dr. Voegele holds a Ph.D. in Agriculture Engineering and a Masters in Agriculture Economics from the University of Hohenheim, in Germany.

Jacques Wery, Ph.D.

Dr. Jacques Wery is Deputy Director General for Research at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), having assumed this role in May 2018.

He was formerly Professor of Agronomy and Agricultural Systems in Montpellier SupAgro, one of the components of Montpellier University. He graduated as Ingenieur Agronome (M.Sc.) in Agronomy and Mediterranean Agriculture in 1980, after which he obtained his Ph.D. in Crop Physiology in 1983 and his Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches at the University of Montpellier in 1996. He has supervised 26 Ph.D. students and published 109 papers in international journals, as well as books on crop physiology, cropping systems design, and agricultural systems modelling. He created in 2001 and chaired until 2010 a research unit (UMR System with INRA and CIRAD) on functional analysis and design of Cropping Systems, with an emphasis on perennial and multispecies systems (intercropping, relay cropping, and agroforestry). Between 2005 and 2009, he was a board member of the Seamless project on integrated modelling of agricultural systems. Between 2009 and 2018, he was the Executive Secretary of the European Society for Agronomy and is, since 2015, the chair of the Farming Systems Design network on methodologies for analysis and design of agricultural systems. He created in 2012 and chaired until 2018 AgroSYS, a joint venture between SupAgro and five private companies to support the design of sustainable agricultural systems through capacity building of students and professionals.

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Overview

Agenda

Overview

Crop composition is an essential component of the food safety assessment for GE crops that are intended to be used as food. However, it is important to understand the purpose of the data and its context in the safety assessment. Open to attendees of the 15th ISBR Symposium, this workshop provided an opportunity to briefly discuss the rationale for considering crop composition data, how that data is interpreted in the context of the safety assessment, and what the limitations are to compositional studies.

The workshop also introduced participants to a resource for assisting in the interpretation of compositional studies—the ILSI Crop Composition Database. Participants saw a demonstration of the database and its features, highlighting updates and additions to Version 7.0, the latest iteration of the database that was launched in January 2019. Then, participants were provided with a series of exercises designed to help them understand the search reporting function of the ILSI Crop Composition Database, which they were able to walk through using their personal laptop during the workshop.

In order to ensure that organizers could provide assistance to participants while conducting the practical exercises, the workshop was limited to 20 participants and was conducted twice (at 2:00 pm and 4:00 pm). More information about the workshop is available from the International Society for Biosafety Research.

Agenda

Welcome and Introduction

Compositional Assessment as a Component of Food Safety Assessment for GE Plants
Dr. Andrew Roberts, Deputy Executive Director, ILSI Research Foundation Introduction to the ILSI Crop Composition Database
Dr. Bhavneet Bajaj, Scientific Program Manager, ILSI Research Foundation

Practical Exercises

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eLearning

The ILSI Research Foundation has developed eLearning courses that focus on food safety.

Seven Food System Metrics of Sustainable Nutrition Security

Sustainability considerations have been absent from most food security assessments conducted to date, despite the tremendous economic, environmental, and social implications of meeting accelerating food demand in the face of water shortages and climate change.

Read more

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DOI: 10.3390/su8030196

Background: The world faces an escalating challenge to meet accelerating demand for sustainably-produced, nutritious food in the face of human population pressure, resource scarcity, ecosystem degradation, and climate change. As the ambitious Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) give way to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), about 795 million people globally are still without sufficient calories and at least two billion lack sufficient nutrients.  The ILSI Research Foundation has developed and published a new paper giving a unique set of metrics for measuring food system performance.  The metrics make it possible to set meaningful goals, track progress, and evaluate the potential impact of food system interventions intended to improve sustainability and human nutrition outcomes.

Abstract: Sustainability considerations have been absent from most food security assessments conducted to date, despite the tremendous economic, environmental, and social implications of meeting accelerating food demand in the face of water shortages and climate change. In addition, previous food security work has generally focused only on achieving adequate calories, rather than addressing dietary diversity and micronutrient adequacy, both of which are critical to maintaining a healthy overall nutritional status. In response to the limitations of previous assessments, a new methodology is proposed here based on the concept of “sustainable nutrition security” (SNS). This novel assessment methodology is intended to remedy both kinds of deficiencies in the previous work by defining seven metrics, each based on a combination of multiple indicators, for use in characterizing sustainable nutrition outcomes of food systems: (1) food nutrient adequacy; (2) ecosystem stability; (3) food affordability and availability; (4) sociocultural wellbeing; (5) food safety; (6) resilience; and (7) waste and loss reduction. Each of the metrics comprises multiple indicators that are combined to derive an overall score (0–100). A novel SNS assessment methodology based on these metrics can be deployed by decision-makers and investors to set meaningful goals, track progress, and evaluate the potential impact of food system interventions intended to improve sustainability and human nutrition outcomes.

Download the journal article here.

Resources

Download the metric paper news release here.

Download the 7 food system metrics of sustainable nutrition security infographic available in English or Spanish.

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